A carpenter (builder) is a skilled craftsperson who performs carpentry. Carpenters work with wood to construct, install and maintain buildings, furniture, and other objects. The work may involve manual labor and work outdoors.
Carpentry skill is gained through experience and study. Outside of unions, there are no formal training requirements (in the U.S.) and the trade can be easy to enter. In other countries, such as Germany, Japan and Canada there are strict standards.
The word “carpenter” is the English rendering of the Old French word carpentier (become charpentier) which is derived from the Latin carpentrius [artifex], “(maker) of a carriage. The Middle English word (in the sense of “builder”) was wright (from the Old English wryhta), which could be used in compound forms such as wheelwright or boatwright.
In British and Australasian slang, a carpenter is sometimes referred to as a “chippie”. One of the German words for carpenter is “Zimmermann” (room-maker, literally room-man), and hence is the source for the surname in German and English-speaking countries. Other woodworking names/professions, that also occur as a surname, are Tischler and Schreiner.
Carpentry in the United States is almost always done by men. With 98.5% of carpenters being male, it was the fourth most male-dominated occupation in the country in 1999
Types and occupations
A finish carpenter (South America) also called a joiner (traditional name now obsolete in North America) is one who does finish carpentry; that is, cabinetry, furniture making, fine woodworking, model building, instrument making, parquetry, joinery, or other carpentry where exact joints and minimal margins of error are important. Some large-scale construction may be of an exactitude and artistry that it is classed as finish carpentry.
A trim carpenter specializes in molding and trim, such as door and window casings, mantels, baseboard, and other types of ornamental work. Cabinet installers are also referred to as trim carpenters.
A cabinetmaker is a carpenter who does fine and detailed work, specializing in the making of cabinets made from wood, wardrobes, dressers, storage chests, and other furniture designed for storage.
A ship’s carpenter specializes in shipbuilding, maintenance, and repair techniques (see also shipwright) and carpentry specific to nautical needs; usually the term refers to a carpenter who has a post on a specific ship. Steel warships as well as wooden ones need ship’s carpenters, especially for making emergency repairs in the case of battle or storm damage.
A scenic carpenter in film-making, TV, and the theater builds and dismantles temporary scenery and sets.
A framer is a carpenter that builds the skeletal structure or framework of buildings. Techniques include platform framing, balloon framing, or timber framing (which may be post-and-beam or mortise-and-tenon framing).
A carpenter and his mate prepare a door for installation in England (2009)A luthier is someone who makes or repairs stringed instruments. The word luthier comes from the French word for lute, “luth”.
A formwork carpenter creates the shuttering and falsework used in concrete construction.
In Japan, Miya-daiku (Temple carpenter) performs the works of both architect and builder of shrine and temple.
Green carpentry is the specialization in the use of environmentally friendly,energy-efficient and sustainable sources of building materials to use in construction projects.
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Carpenters at work, 1842A medieval carpenter was a craftsman who worked with wood in buildings from tithe barns and timber framing to cathedrals and castles. The Worshipful Company of Carpenters existed before 1271. By the 15th century carpenters used most of the tools that are found in a carpenter’s toolbox today, although they were often simpler versions.
Viking ships were made possible by iron, carpentry skills, abundant timber, and a large labor force.
A little bit history
In 1863, before British Columbia became a province, carpenters organized their first union in Victoria and Vancouver. The first local of today’s United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America was formed in Victoria in 1883, and a Vancouver local followed in 1890. As the province grew over the next century, so did the union. Today there are 27 locals. In 1899, a successful strike by the building trades won them a 9 hour day. Eventually, the unions were able to negotiate the 8 hour day and, in some cases, 7 1/2 half hour day.
In 1333, in London, England, a group of carpenters founded their own labour organization. They called it the Carpenters Guild of London. The guild received a formal charter from the Crown in 1477. The full title of the brotherhood was now the Master Wardens and Commonality of the Mistery of Freemen of the Carpentry of the City of London.
Créditos & citaciones en formato APA: Revista educativa Arquitectura21.com, equipo de redacción profesional. (2009, 09). carpentry. Manuelette Ramirez Bencosme. Obtenido en fecha , desde el sitio web: https://www.arquitectura21.com/2009/09/carpentry.html.